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Edward Bolton

Untitled Document

Orford Lane Glassworks Warrington Lancashire

1797 -1901


1797-1802 Davies, Glazebrook and Co Orford Lane Glassworks

Thomas Kirkland Glazebrook (son of James Kirkland) Born June 4th 1780 in Leicestershire was the founder of the Orford Lane Glassworks. He was only 16 years old when the Orford Lane Glassworks opened on the 15th of February 1797. He was also an influential figure in the Lancashire Association of Flint Glass Manufactures. He was the Honorary Secretary for a number of years and he later became the front man for the British Flint Glass Manufactures industry. This organisation protected the right of the glass manufactures in trade negotiations with the government. On the 7th of august 1802 the five member partnership of Davies, Glazebrook and Co Orford Lane Glassworks was dissolved. The names and holdings of the partners are: John Davies (10% share holding - Accountant / Administrator), Thomas Kirkland Glazebrook (10% share holding in name of James Glazebrook), Samuel Brettel (30% share holding - Glass Cutter), Thomas England (30% share holding - Metal Mixer) and John Alderfon (20% share holding - Glass Blower).


1802-1829 T.K. Glazebrook and Co Orford Lane Glassworks

The partnership between Thomas Kirkland Glazebrook and Thomas Holt was dissolved on the 30th September 1829. George Mac Kay and Thomas West, both deceased were also involved in the partnership.

1829-1832 Glazebrook & Robinson Orford Lane Glassworks

This was the end of Thomas Kirkland Glazebrook’s association with the Orford Lane Glasswork and in 1835 he moved to Southport where he died in 1855. He wrote a book on the history of Southport.

1832-1855 Thomas Robinson & Co Orford Lane Glassworks

William Warburton was involved in partnership with Thomas Robinson in the Orford Lane Glassworks until the 31st of May 1841 when the partnership was dissolved and Thomas Robinson continues the business on his own.

1855-1869 Robinson & Bolton Orford Lane Glassworks

Edward Bolton and Peter Robinson formed the partnership Robinson & Bolton in 1855 and started manufacturing glass at the Orford Lane Glass Works Warrington Lancashire. During the 14 years life of the partnership they registered 5 design numbers.


Design Number Date & Year
105196-P2 23th June 1856
187536-P3 14th June 1865
189615-P1 11th September 1865
189616-P1 11th September 1865
195272-P1 17th February 1866

 

During his time at the Orford Glassworks Peter Robinson was instrumental in introducing the pressed glass process and the company had great success with a pattern called the “Empress Dish”.

1869-1875 Edward Bolton Orford Lane Glassworks

Edward Bolton became the sole owner of the Orford Lane Glassworks Warrington Lancashire on the 1st of March 1869 having dissolved his partnership with Peter Robinson. It is highly unlikely that Robinson was involved in the day to day running of the business from 1867 as his name is not listed in the tax returns. After the partnership was dissolved Peter Robinson started the Glassworks Firm of Robinson, Son & Skinner in 1871.

1875-1877 Bolton, Son & Wood Orford Lane Glassworks

This partnership between Edward Bolton, George Yates Bolton and George Wood was dissolved on the 22th of October 1877. The partnership had registered one design registration number 310657-P14 on the 4th June 1877.

George Wood was probably Edward Bolton’s first attempt to appoint a works manager as George Wood had a previous involvement in the glass industry with The Eccleston Flint Glass Co, St Helens. He resigned from the partnership on the 13th April 1863.


1877-1885 Edward Bolton Orford Lane Glassworks

Colin R. Lattimore states in his book that there was an engraving of the works in 1855 showing at least four furnaces working. This is an indication that the works was a reasonable size.

1885-1892 Edward Bolton & Sons Orford Lane Glassworks

Edward Bolton of Orford Lane Glassworks registered 10 glass registration numbers during his life time. “Hopefully”more will surface in time.

Design Number Date & Year  
230716-P3 5th July 1869 Edward Bolton
238145-P10 15th January 1870 Edward Bolton
238431-P6 28th January 1870 Edward Bolton
252159-P9 29th April 1871 Edward Bolton
294653-P6 23th September 1875 Edward Bolton
294654-P6 23th September 1875 Edward Bolton
310657-P14 4th June 1877 Bolton, Son &Wood
39414 11th December 1885 Edward Bolton
39415 11th December 1885 Edward Bolton
105464 11th August 1888 Edward Bolton & Sons


Edward Bolton, oldest son Charles Frederick, was born in 1852 and immigrated to the Australian Colonies. He returned to Warrington in 1883 for a holiday (reference Colin R. Lattimore). There was family business to be sorted out. The end result was that in 1885, George Yates Bolton was listed as the sole owner of the Orford Lane Glassworks. It was agreed that Charles Frederick Bolton was to set up in business in the Australian Colonies as a General Importer and Manufactures Agent for the Orford Lane Glassworks.

We presume that during this holiday Charles Frederick Bolton meet and married a daughter of Mr. William Oaken of Warrington. He returned to the Australian Colonies in 1884 at the time that John Haughton was appointed Works Manager.

In the Australian Colonies in 1884, he put the family plan in to operation and in time he had offices at Sydney and Queensland. He was successful at selling the Glass and he (probably) exhibited at the Sydney Exhibitions 1888 - and the Melbourne Exhibitions of 1888 (reference. See notes from museumvictoria.com.au -The Cyclopedia of New Zealand 1902).

In 1892 Charles Frederick Bolton closed his import business and relocated to New Zealand, where he set up as a farmer and general merchant in Waione. This indicates that no more glass was exported to the Australian Colonies by the Orford Lane Glassworks.

1892-1896

In the 1895 Cheshire trade directories The Glassworks has two listings indicating that they were trading as “Glass Warrington“. George and William are listed as Glass Manufactures, with their residences listed as:

George Yates Bolton 17 Wilson Pattern Street Warrington and William H Bolton was living in Bewsey Street Warrington.

1897-1901

The Orford Lane Glassworks is listed as being in operation in the 1898 Lancashire Directory, but is not listed for 1901. By 1900, William Henry Bolton was listed in the electoral registers as having the ownership of an office and Glassworks in Orford Lane. This office was rented by the Allied Box Company, who was incorporated as a Limited Company in 1901. This date probably ties in with the complete closure of the Orford Lane Glassworks by William Henry Bolton - no later than the end of March 1901. The 1901 census list William Henry Bolton as living in lodgings as the manager of the Corporation Electricity Works and Glass Merchant. We suspect William Henry Bolton continued to sell off the remaining stock over the next couple of years from the office in the former glassworks that he had previously rented to the Allied Box company, who were by now manufacturing boxes on the factory floor.

For More Information please visit the Warrington Museum. http://museum.warrington.gov.uk/

It may be worth pointing out that the museum is currently in the process of redisplay (due to be completed late 2010/early 2011). There certainly will be some Warrington glassware going back on show.

General Notes

Edward Bolton was born in 1823, in Sankey Warrington. Colin R. Lattimore states in his book that Edward Bolton died on the 26th of December 1899 and that a number of his workforce had been in his employ for over 30 years.

Elizabeth Bolton, wife of Edward Bolton, died on the 30th May 1905. The Executors’ of the will were William Henry Bolton, Elizabeth Bolton, John, Bernard and George Yates Bolton.

It is interesting that John Haughton was appointed Works Manager by 1884, but this appointment probably occurred before this date, maybe as early as 1882. John Haughton was in business with his brother, George Henry, as Flint Glass Manufactures G.H and T. Haughton at 38 Royal Street, off Naylor-street, Newton Heath, near Manchester in the county of Lancashire. They dissolved their partnership on the 19th of August 1881.

On the 15th June 1875 St Thomas, Ashton in Makerfield, Lancashire, England, George Yates Bolton - 23 Gentleman Bachelor of Warrington married Margaret Ellen Hogarth - 22 Spinster of Haydock Lodge

Groom's Father: Edward Bolton, Gentleman
Bride's Father: William Hogarth, Gentleman
Witness: Edmond Lister; Anne Hogarth
Married by License by: Henry Siddall and Robert Buckland

George Yates Bolton and Margaret Ellen Hogarth had one daughter, Marian, age 4 years in 1881, and they lived at 11 Museum Street Warrington. Margaret Ellen Hogarth was the stepdaughter of Edward Lister Haydock Lodge.

Colonel George Yates Bolton died in 1918.

The Discovery Centre Team Museum Victoria Melbourne VIC Australia provided the following information.
museumvictoria.com.au

For Charles Frederick Bolton, please refer to the. The Cyclopedia of New Zealand [Auckland Provincial District]. This website records his establishment of a business in New Zealand. “After a trip Home he established himself in business in Sydney and Queensland as a general importer, representing his own English firm for ten years, and exhibiting their products at the Sydney and Melbourne Exhibitions. In 1892, he again came to New Zealand, and subsequently settled down in Waione.”

1888 saw the centenary of the British settlement of Australia. A major exhibition at the Melbourne Centennial International Exhibition (MCIE) was held in Victoria at the Exhibition Building, built for the 1880 Melbourne International Exhibition. The MCIE opened on 1 August 1888.


Sydney lacked a suitable site for a major exhibition; the Garden Palace, built for the 1879 Sydney International Exhibition, was destroyed by fire in 1882. In January 1888 a special Centennial Exhibition in conjunction with the Agricultural Society of NSW was opened by His Excellency the Governor Lord Carrington, at Centennial Park.

It is probable that Bolton attended both the Sydney and Melbourne exhibitions, and by 1892 had settled in New Zealand.

Sankey is 2 kilometres from Orford lane See Map

http://maps.google.ie/maps?hl=en&q=Warrington%20Sankey&rlz=1W1ACPW_enIE358&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wl

I will add more information as it becomes available. If you wish to make a contribution in lieu of credit - please e-mail me at

glass@inchicore-pressedglass-museum.org.

References;

I want to thank Craig Sherwood for guidance in writing this article on the Orford Lane Glassworks and Peter Rogerson

Librarian Warrington Borough Council, Community Services Directorate


Central Library, Museum and Art Gallery

Museum Street

Cultural Quarter

Warrington WA1 1JB

http://museum.warrington.gov.uk/

I want to thank http://regencyredingote.wordpress.com/2008/11/28/regency-cut-glass/ for help given. This is a most interesting site on the English Regency period.

The local history of Warrington by Gordon Gandy
http://www.mywarrington.me.uk/history.htm
Also Visit http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/ & http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/census-records.htm
See Raymond Slack Book for English Glass Design Numbers
English Pressed Glass 1830-1900 Raymond Slack
ISBN 0-7126-1871-6
http://cheshiredirectories.manuscripteye.com/pdf/1910/05/index.htm
English 19th century press-moulded glass
Colin R. Lattimore.
Published 1979 by Barrie & Jenkins in London

Profiles of Warrington Worthies 1854 by James Kendrick

I wish to thank the librarian in Trinity College Dublin Ireland for given me access to the resources in the library.
See web link below
http://www.tcd.ie/Library/

England's Poor Law Commissioners and the Trade in Pauper Lunacy 1834-1847"(Roberts, A. 1990 Petition 12.6.1846)" http://studymore.org.uk/mott.htm#Referencing

http://www.genealogylinks.net/uk/england/lancashire/parish-registers.htm
Thomas England, Glassmaker 1759-1821

Author: England, Cyril A

Publisher: Cyril England,
Pub Year: 1993

Copyright Thomas Joyce 2010
http://www.inchicore-pressedglass-museum.org/

 

         
 
     
 
glass registration number 29 April 1871-glass trough
     
         
 
© Copyright. Thomas Joyce 2009.